Useful Information about Vitiligo – Theories of Causes

Vitiligo is a disease in the skin that is characterized by the appearance of white patches. These white spots are not contagious but many people dread its unsightly and disfiguring looks. Even though this condition is not life threatening it usually affects the social and emotional state of the affected individuals. There a lot of treatments that are now available in the market and some vitiligo information were published so people would know how to deal with it once it occurs in their lives.

What Causes Pigment Loss in Vitiligo Condition

Vitiligo is the condition where the skin gradually losses its pigments or color. Melanin is responsible for providing color in the skin but once its production is interrupted de-pigmentation occurs. Medical professionals have made a lot of studies to identify the real cause of this condition but they have never developed concrete evidence that explains all their confusion about the causes. Some of the leading theories about pigmentation loss that were presented by many experts are the following;

  • Autoimmune disorder – It is believed that the loss of pigmentation is actually caused by autoimmune disorder. This is when a person’s immune system is compromised and healthy cells and tissues are under attack. The body usually has different reactions during the attack but this depends on your health condition. If a person has vitiligo the autoimmune disorder will start to attack the melanocytes which are responsible for the production of melanin. The attack will deliberately decrease the amount of melanin in your skin; the reason why it losses color. Some patients of vitiligo may experience a different case depending on how the body reacts to the disorder.
  • Autotoxic occurrences – This happens when a toxic substance is absorbed in the body and creates threat in damaging the ability of melanocytes to produce melanin. The result of these autotoxic occurrences is similar to the autoimmune disorder which changes the color of your skin.
  • Neural disorder – Your body can naturally produce certain types of chemicals and some of these chemicals can be toxic or damaging to the melanocytes. This may stop or limit its ability to generate melanin.

How to Get Diagnosed

If you develop white spots in the skin, this does not necessarily mean that you already have a vitiligo. There can be a lot of reasons why these patches occur. Sometimes you can get discoloration in certain areas of your skin with too much exposure to the sun. Exposure to harsh chemicals is also another reason for a temporary loss of your skin color. If the patches do not improve with the right medication then you have to consult a dermatologist so that he can accurately diagnose the issue. Blood test is often made to properly diagnose vitiligo.

After finding out the type of vitiligo you have, choose the best treatment options available for you. Some of these may include topical drugs, phototherapy, surgery, de-pigmentation and support or counseling. It is very important to find a good doctor who can provide you the best treatment option for your case.

Author Bio: Kevin is a medical professional who specializes in cosmetic surgery. He starts to write about Vitiligo when he encountered a patient suffering from the condition. You should visit to gather more information about the condition.

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